Big data, also known as "mass data," describes particularly large volumes of data that are generated by the increasing digitization of all areas of life, business, and work. "Big data" is characterized above all by its size, complexity, frequency of renewal, and weak structuring. Its content often has no predefined format.
The data part of big data usually comes from networked devices and is either automated (e.g., via sensors) or generated by a large number of users (e.g., via social media). This mass data can be stored in cloud solutions such as data lakes or data pools. The analysis of this data can be very informative for the municipality / public utilities / etc., especially with regard to policy and management decisions. However, it can only be carried out using considerable computing power and requires complex analytical approaches, up to and including the use of artificial intelligence (AI).
With the help of an open urban data platform, cities can collect, analyze and make use of big data.