On-demand mobility services are activated by individual requests. This means that passengers are not necessarily bound to a specific timetable or stop. Generally, cars or minibuses are used to take passengers between flexible, often self-chosen pick-up and drop-off points. A trip is set-up either by phone call, as is the case for German public transit ride share services or by app, as is the case for newer data-based offerings.
On-demand mobility offerings can be used by cities to solve the last-mile problem. They also help fill service gaps in areas with insufficient coverage by traditional public transport - for example, in less densely populated areas or at off-peak times. Here, data-based solutions enable so-called "pooling". This involves automatically creating a route on which passengers share a vehicle over part or all of a route. This allows for further resource saving.
In order to create globally sustainable structures, the member states of the United Nations have set themselves 17 goals by 2030, which are set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.