Air pollution from man-made causes such as combustion processes, motor vehicle traffic or heating and industrial plants, as well as natural sources such as pollen or soil particles, affect both the environment and public health. According to estimates by the European Environmental Agency, approximately 66,000 people in Germany and 248,000 people across the EU die prematurely each year as a result of exposure to particulate matter. Particulate matter can penetrate deep into the lung periphery and promote the development of chronic respiratory diseases and other health problems.
Compliance with air quality limits laid down in EU law is also enshrined in German law; monitoring implementation is the responsibility of the German states. However, in order to ensure high air quality, not only should the limit values be complied with, but measures should be taken to further reduce pollution levels. The starting point for this is comprehensive information on air quality, which, in combination with other data, forms the basis for well-founded decisions and measures.
In order to create globally sustainable structures, the member states of the United Nations have set themselves 17 goals by 2030, which are set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.