Forest fires are now a major risk for many regions in Germany. Current studies assume that the fire risk will continue to increase due to declining rainfall in spring, summer and fall as well as rising temperatures. Depending on their intensity and duration, forest fires are not only destabilizing for the forest ecosystem: due to the dioxins and particulate matter released, the health of people living in the vicinity is also endangered. The cause of the increasing number of forest fires is, in addition to increasing drought, primarily the establishment of coniferous tree monocultures, as these ignite more easily and have poorer soil quality with less humus.
In order to contain fires more quickly or prevent them from starting in the first place, a number of protective and preventive measures can be taken: In addition to establishing physical measures, (real-time) air quality data can provide important information for early warning systems. Supplemented by precipitation and other weather data, cities and municipalities can identify risk areas on this basis and take early action.
In order to create globally sustainable structures, the member states of the United Nations have set themselves 17 goals by 2030, which are set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.